- Population: 4.2 million
- Currency: Indonesian rupiah
- Language: Bahasa Indonesia (national official language), Balinese, English, Dutch, Javanese
- Religion: Balinese Hinduism (major), Islam, Christianity, and Buddhism
Bali’s history is thought to have begun around 2000 BC by migrants from Southeast Asia and Oceania. From its early beginnings, Bali was strongly influenced by Indian, Hindu and Chinese culture. The diversity in culture can be felt as soon as you set your feet on Bali.
Bali is home to stunning beaches, romantic sunsets and luxurious resorts, but the island is more than that.
You will encounter one of the thousands of ceremonies held daily by the Balinese in order to keep the universe in balance. You can also take a walk in the countryside and be amazed by lush tropical forests and artfully rice terraces that seem to go up to the top of the great mountains, where the gods reside.
If you’re in for a cultural experience, Bali’s temples should be on the top of your list for their unique and impressive architecture. Bali is also renowned for many forms of art, including painting, sculpture, woodcarving, handcrafts, and performing arts. Balinese gamelan music is highly developed and varied. The dances portray stories from Hindu epics such as the Ramayana. Famous Balinese dances include pendet, legong, baris, topeng, barong, and kecak (the monkey dance).
The most popular sites in Bali
Pura Tanah Lot (Tannah Lot Temple) – one of the most iconic and sacred temples of the island with a spectacular seaside setting
Uluwatu Temple – A temple perching on a tall cliff overlooking the crashing waves
Tegalalang Rice Terraces & Jatiluwih Rice Terraces – Bali’s most famous rice terrace landscapes
Kuta Beach – the top destination for a beautiful sunset with long sandy beach and great waves for surfing
Pura Tirta Empul (Tirta Empul Temple) – the important temple of Ubud which offers a glimpse into a sacred purification ritual.